What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning challenge that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge (Alabama Administrative Code 2903120).
Dyslexia-Specific Screening Process
According to the Alabama Literacy Act, students in grades K-3 in Alabama schools will be given a universal screener that has been recommended by the Alabama Literacy Task Force. The results of universal screenings will be used to determine students’ need for intervention, additional assessment, and screenings for characteristics of dyslexia. Additionally, an assessment for characteristics of dyslexia will be provided for students upon parental or teacher request.